January 2021 Transport and Freight Index Report

HomeTransport and Freight IndexJanuary 2021 Transport and Freight Index Report

Released: 01 March 2021

January PDF Report

A bump in the road to recovery but Rail Freight remains a concern.

After an excellent recovery by South Africa’s logistics sector as measured by the Ctrack Freight Transport index, the industry took a slight breather during the month of January. It seems the increase in Level 3 restrictions had a detrimental effect and the total Freight Transport sector showed a decline of 1% in January.

While the year-on-year numbers improved, the monthly numbers showed a significant 4,7% decline between January and December. This resulted in the quarterly figure adjusting from a 5,3% increase to only a 2,4% increase.

“The Ctrack Freight Transport index shows that after a near-perfect recovery in the closing months of last year, all sectors were slow to get going in 2021, “comments Hein Jordt, Managing Director of Ctrack SA.

High demand for International transport particularly Sea Freight

Good news is that the Freight Transport sector is likely to remain very busy this year. Uncharacteristically, Chinese manufacturing remained open despite their Luna New Year celebrations at the end of January, as supply disruptions has meant that factories are behind with their orders.

Competition for freight space is so fierce that companies are paying exorbitant premiums to get on planes and vessels as well as applying more flexible shipping methods to avoid delays.
Currently, South Africa is facing a shortage of normal containers and Sea Freight is being loaded and offloaded in phases as the supply disruptions have caused havoc with the scheduling of ships arriving and leaving harbours all over the world.

Freight transport across the globe is currently rather unpredictable and transporters need to plan to avoid getting caught out by an influx of goods arriving one month followed by a drought of goods the next.

Major shipping and freight companies around the world are increasing prices and changing ships to try to cope with the disruptions brought about by the pandemic and lockdown restrictions. Fortunately, in Europe trucks have been allowed to operate almost as per normal, despite the lockdown restrictions, but there are some reports of delays.

In manufacturing sectors such as vehicle manufacturing a shortage of chips has resulted in mass delays of new cars rolling off the production line. The shortage of chips is attributed to a spike in the demand for consumer electronics caused by Covid-19.

With the world economy expected to grow with over 5% it is very likely that international Sea Freight will recover sooner than later while Air Freight will take another year or two to bounce back to previous levels due to the slow recovery of passenger leisure travel.

East Asia and the Pacific Rim countries will lead the growth once their ports return to normal. Many ports in that region are currently suffering delays due to congested terminals with ships having to wait days or sometimes weeks to get into a berth.
“Unfortunately, South Africa’s stricter Level 3 restrictions announced in the first week of January put the brakes on further recovery, but it seems those hurdles are now behind us and we are looking forward to growth in most of the sectors that are measured by the Ctrack Freight Transport Index as 2021 continues”, said Jordt.

Is Rail Freight losing market share again?

While the international freight swings between two extremes, the tonnage of Rail Freight has shown an 8% year on year decline.
For four months Rail Freight has declined in tons transported compared to a year ago. This is strange as South Africa is currently seeing a commodity price upswing and Road Freight has begun increasing freight tones moved compared to the previous year.

Road Freight only declined slightly last year and has actually had two consecutive months of year-on-year growth.

It is rare that road and rail have such a big divergence in direction, and this should be of concern to Rail Freight operators as rail is certainly losing tonnage to road transport.

Along with a slowdown in bulk exports, it could be a once-off situation, but indications are that rail has also lost market share in general goods that are transported on land.

Overall rail income for the year to date has declined with an estimated R4 billion which equates to 9%. While Road Freight also declined during Level 5 and Level 4 in 2020, it has since recovered while rail has not.

Table1: The Ctrack Freight Transport percentage changes.

January 2020 Tables

% Change betweenQuarter to January: 2021 vs 2020Jan vs Dec 2020Quarter to Dec 2020 vs Quarter to Sept 2020
Rail-7,8%0,4%-4,6%
Road1,8%1,0%3,2%
Pipeline15,0%-9,8%54,3%
Sea-7,4%-23,4%-1,8%
Air-0,8%-7,4%16,7%
Storage and Handling2,2%-19,3%2,0%
Ctrack Freight Transport Index-0,9%-4,7%2,4%
Note: The row Quarter: 2021 vs 2020 is the main Ctrack Transport and Freight Index values used.

November 2020 Table

% Change betweenQuarter to December: 2020 vs 2019Dec vs Nov 2020Quarter to Dec 2020 vs Quarter to Sept 2020
Rail-9,3%-0,4%-1,8%
Road-1,5%3,3%2,6%
Pipeline14,7%-1,6%87,9%
Sea-3,0%8,2%3,5%
Air-3,0%13,7%30,6%
Storage and Handling7,1%4,0%13,1%
Ctrack Freight Transport Index-2,0%3,4%5,3%
Note: The row Quarter: 2020 vs 2019 is the main Ctrack Transport and Freight Index values used.